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Valentino Braitenberg


Valentino Braitenberg is an Italian-Austrian neuro-scientist and cyberneticist. He is former director at the Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics in Tübingen, Germany.

He is most famous for the book 'Vehicles: Experiments in Synthetic Psychology' in which he describes how hypothetical 'vehicles' (commonly known as Braitenberg Vehicles), a combination of sensors, actuators and their interconnections, while being simple in design could produce behaviours that could be likened to aggression, love, foresight and even optimism.

These vehicles are frequently Analog robots.